Home' Northern Outlook : July 10th 2013 Contents 10 NORTHERN OUTLOOK, JULY 10, 2013
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By HAYLEY SHAW BVSC
Most of us know a rugby player or two who has
suffered from an anterior (cranial) cruciate
Are you aware, however, how common cranial
cruciate disease is in our family pets?
Cranial cruciate ruptures are one of the most
frequent injuries in dogs and are the major cause of
degenerative joint disease (arthritis) in the stifle
(knee) joint. Although it is less often seen, cats may
also be affected.
The cranial cruciate ligament can fail as a result of
degeneration or trauma.
Degeneration is associated with ageing in large
breeds or overweight dogs, who may have
conformations predisposed to deterioration of
Traumatic rupture is most commonly a result of
over-extension and internal rotation of the leg, often
related to the foot becoming stuck in a hole or fence.
In either instance, the ligament may partially or
Patients with partial tears will be lame, but the joint
will feel more stable when manipulated. However,
partial tears often progress over time to complete
tears, resulting in total instability of the joint.
Treatment depends on the patient, and the
degree of ligament and joint damage. Small
breeds of dog or cat with only a partial rupture may
be treated conservatively with strict cage rest and
Most larger breeds with complete rupture require
some kind of surgical intervention.
There are a number of surgical repair methods
available, ranging from inserting a ''false'' nylon
ligament outside the joint to cutting the bone and
completely changing the angles of the joint.
The follow-up care after surgery greatly depends
on the method of stabilisation.
Unfortunately, all affected joints will invariably
suffer from some degree of osteoarthritis in the
future. Overweight dogs should be encouraged to
lose weight, and to slow the onset of arthritis, joint-
protecting supplements and/or diets are often
Some individuals may also need long-term
treatment with anti-inflammatories to control pain
and slow the progression of osteoarthritis.
For further information regarding these kinds of
injuries and your pet, you can contact your local
World cup legacy lives on with planting
LIVING LEGEND: Former All Black skipper
Tane Norton will be digging in at the
LIVING RUGBY legend Tane Norton
will be digging alongside local volunteers
at the Otukaikino Reserve in north
Christchurch next month, as part of the
continuing legacy of holding the Rugby
World Cup in New Zealand.
He will be wielding a shovel for the
Living Legends community conservation
project, which started in 2011. The
initiative involves planting native trees
with rugby stalwarts such as Mr Norton.
The legends were selected by each
region s provincial rugby union, based
on their significant contribution to
furthering the sport in New Zealand.
Nearly 130,000 trees have been
planted so far, with a further 41,000
native trees planned for this year, to com-
plete the project.
Otukaikino Reserve is a 13-hectare
freshwater wetland to the north of
Christchurch, at the southern end of the
northern motorway. It is one of the
remaining original wetlands once com-
mon around the city.
The planting will take place on August
17, and the public can register at: living
Too dear to buy fresh
Takeaways are time and money friendly
FOOD COSTLY: Associate Professor Ekant Veer.
Many families have multiple
breadwinners and those
breadwinners are tired at the end of
the day or they don't have the time
to learn how to cook properly and
Associate Professor Ekant Veer
NEW ZEALANDERS are
spending $1.5 billion a year on
takeaways because fresh food
is too expensive, a University
of Canterbury (UC) marketing
A recent hospitality indus-
try report showed the annual
spend on takeaways increased
25 per cent in four years,
Associate Professor Ekant
One key reason was the
sheer cost of fresh food.
It s very difficult to feed a
family of four for $10, but also
the skills needed to turn raw
produce into a healthy meal
for a family of four are very
much lacking in New Zealand.
We re relying on third par-
ties to provide our ready food
solutions because it costs to
make our own food -- it costs
too much money, costs too
much in time, and costs too
much in skills, he said.
Many families have mul-
tiple breadwinners and those
breadwinners are tired at the
end of the day or they don t
have the time to learn how to
cook properly and healthfully.
This all culminates in a cul-
ture of quick, easy solutions
Prof Veer said the takeaway
industry played by the rules
of a free market economy by
supplying to where there is
the greatest demand. This
tended to be in locations with
high concentrations of lower
who often lack the financial
and time resources to cook
meals at home.
This all culminates in low-
cost, calorie-dense foods being
widely available to people who
are often unable to afford
healthier meals, and do not
have the time -- because
they re working long hours --
to create healthier food, Prof
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